GIS and Remote Sensing Techniques in Wildlife Management

GIS AND REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES IN WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT

Introduction

Wildlife traditionally referred to undomesticated animals. Now it includes all plants, fungi, microorganisms grow in the wildlife area. Deserts, different types of forests and grasslands are also part of wildlife. Each wildlife area is different from other from environmental, social and cultural aspects. Wildlife faces threat from environmental conditions and human activities.

Technology

GIS and remote sensing techniques can be used for wildlife analysis. Conservation of wildlife species is an important issue. GIS can be used for mapping the endangered species in the particular area. Remote sensing techniques will help in understanding the environmental factors responsible for the extinction of species. The environmental factors include land, soil, climatic conditions etc.

Possible Applications

Mapping wildlife corridors
Habitat suitability Mapping
Prediction Analysis
Change Detection Analysis
Mapping Required Resources for Wildlife
Real time tracking
Population Mapping
Web Portal of particular Wildlife

PROS AND CONS

Pros:

Hotspot maps and Thematic maps can help in managerial activities
Modelling of environmental factors with species can assist in impact analysis

Cons:

Analytical softwares and tools-ArcGIS, QGIS used for editing and manipulating data
Satellite and Lidar Images for storing and capturing data of a particular year, date and time

Conclusion

Wildlife distribution and protection are the focus area of wildlife management. Global warming and human intervention are the main reason behind the extinction of wildlife species. In international countries the geospatial technology is already in use. In India it is not operative in large scale. These are effective technologies for analyzing ,managing and visualizing wildlife data. These technologies also emphasize on accurate data keeping of wildfire habitat.

References

Geospatial World, Application of satellite imagery and GIS to wildlife habitat suitability mapping
http://www.gis.state.mn.us/Minutes/handouts/06_May/DNR_Wildlife_GIS.pdf

 

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